The Australian Capital Territory (or ACT) is the capital territory of the Commonwealth of Australia situated in bush land, within an inland enclave in New South Wales. It is the smallest, but most populous, self-governing territory. It was first conceived in the late 1800s as a neutral location for a new National Capital. The capital city, Canberra, was built in 1913 and is an entirely purpose-built, planned city. Add to Description →
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This territory besides being home to the city of Canberra, also contains agricultural land, and a large area of national park, which is mostly mountainous and forested, which are best captured within aerial photographs. The main national park within this area is the Namadgi National Park, which covers a large area of mountain ranges, rivers and creeks. It also includes the Naas and Murrumbidgee Rivers. The agricultural land within this region is used for sheep, dairy cattle, vineyards and small amounts of crops, all which help support ACT’s economy.
Most of the Australian Capital Territory’s tourism and other industries operate from within the capital city of Canberra. Of the 311,947 people that live within the ACT, only 429 of them live outside of Canberra. In February 2004, there were 140 public and non-governmental schools, with 60,275 students enlisted in the ACT school system, the majority of which were located within the Canberra area.
Due to the elevation and great distance from the coast, the Australian Capital Territory experiences four distinct seasons. Summers are notoriously hot and dry with plenty of sunshine; temperatures usually reach a high of 27 degrees with a low of 12 degrees. Winters are generally cold and crisp with heavy fog and frosty mornings; temperatures generally reach a high of around 12 degrees but can drop as low as 0 degrees.